Environmental Assessments and Authorizations: SEA - EIA - IPPC Permit

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Environmental Assessments (SEA and EIA) ensure that plans, programmes and projects are carried out in accordance with the principles of protection of the environment, community quality life and sustainable development.

The IPPC permit authorizes the operation of an installation under certain conditions that guarantee compliance with the IPPC requirements (integrated pollution prevention and reduction).

The Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) applies to plans and programmes related to several sectors including energy, transport, spatial planning and waste management

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) applies to single projects, such as roads, power lines, airports and industrial installations

IPPC permit under State jurisdiction applies to installations referred to in Annex XII, part two of Legislative Decree 152/2006 such as combustion installations with a thermal input of 300 MWt or more, gas reprocessing plants, refineries, integrated steel plants, large chemical plants, plants located at sea.

SEA main purpose is integrating environmental issues into the preparation and adoption of planning and programming tools in order to ensure the sustainability of the choices to be made

EIA main purpose is achieving high levels of protection and quality of the environment with a prior assessment of the possible consequences resulting from the construction and operation of projects / interventions

IPPC permit under State jurisdiction is aimed at the integrated prevention and reduction of pollution caused by industrial installations, ensuring the achievement of a high level of protection of the environment as a whole and the application of BAT.

SEA, EIA and IPPC permit are participatory processes involving different parties:

  • the competent authority: the public administration that evaluates and concludes the procedure with a reasoned opinion on the plan/programme (SEA) or a decision granting the environmental compatibility of the project (EIA), or coordinating all other environmental authorizations necessary for its construction and operation.
  • the developer: a public or private entity preparing the plan, programme or project and that submits it to the competent authority for its assessment in order to acquire the final opinion or decision
  • the proceeding authority: public administration transposing, adopting or approving the plan/programme; the proceeding authority coincides with the developer if it also prepares the plan
  • the operator: who operates or controls in whole or in part the installation object of the IPPC permit
  • the environmental public authorities:: public administrations and public bodies which, by their specific expertise or environmental responsibilities, may be concerned by the environmental impacts resulting from the implementation of plans, programmes or projects
  • the public: one or more natural or legal persons as well as their associations, organizations or groups
  • the public involved: the public which is affected or likely to be affected by environmental decision-making procedures, or having an interest in such procedures (non-governmental organizations promoting environmental protection and meeting any requirements set by national law in force, the most representative trade union organizations)

The current legislation concerning the right of access to administrative documents (L.241/1990 as amended) and to environmental information (Legislative Decree no. 195/2005), implementing the principle of transparency, ensures freedom of access to documents held by the Public Administration to the person concerned, or, in the case of environmental information"to any person or entity who requests it".

The viewing of the proceedings is free of charge and must be carried out at the premises of the Public Administration holder of the same, by appointment with the competent Offices.

Extracting copy of records is subject to the payment of fees for the issue and extraction of copy, pursuant to art. 25 of Law 241/1990, and in the manner prescribed by individual Administrations. The access costs to proceedings held by this Administration are regulated by the Ministerial Decree 121 of the 28th of June 2012.

Give your opinion on plans, programmes, projects and installations in consultation.

From the start of the procedure you have:

Comments must be submitted within 60 days from the date of publication on the Official Journal of the Italian Republic of the notice made by the proceeding authority as provided by Art. 14, paragraph 1 of Decree 152/2006;

Comments must be submitted within 45 days from the date of telematics communication about the publishing of the documentation on the Environmental Assessments Portal of the Ministry of Ecological Transition Land and Sea made by Competent Authority to all potentially interested Administrations and Local Authorities, as provided by article 19, paragraphs 3 and 4 of Legislative Decree 152/2006;

Comments must be submitted within 60 days from the publishing date of the public notice on the Environmental Assessments Portal of the Ministry of Ecological Transition as provided for by article 24, paragraphs 2 and 3 of Legislative Decree 152/2006. If Competent Authority has required modifications and substantial additions to the project relevant for the public, comments must be submitted within 30 days from the publishing date of the public notice on the Environmental Assessments Portal, as provided by article 24 paragraphs 4 and 5 of Legislative Decree 152/2006;

Comments must be submitted within 30 days from the publishing date of the public notice on the Environmental Assessments Portal of the Ministry of Ecological Transition.

Comments must be submitted within 30 days from the publishing date, on the Portal of the environmental assessments and authorizations of the Ministry of Ecological Transition, of the authorization application or of the information for the periodical permit review deemed necessary by the manager.


You can send your comments to:

Ministry of Ecological Transition Directorate for Environmental Assessments and Authorizations


FAX FAX (+39) 0657223040
POST POST via Cristoforo Colombo 44, 00147 Roma

For information, insights and suggestions write to the Ministry of Ecological Transition - General Directorate for Sustainable Growth and Quality of Development